Welcome to Abdullah Musa Abdul's world

The blame is not on the one who does not accept advice. Rather, it is on the one who presents it inappropriately


Friday, 9 October 2015

Status of a neighbor

In the Name of Allaah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. 

"Worship Allaah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbor who is near of kin, the neighbor who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allaah does not like such as are proud and boastful;" Qur'an 4:36

On the strength of Abu Hurayrah ( Abdurahman bin Sakhr Ad-Dausi) (RA) who said that The Messenger of Allaah (sallahllaahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "Whoever believes in Allaah and the Last Day, let him speak goodness or else remain silent. And whoever believes in Allaah and the Last Day, let him honor his neighbor. And whoever believes in Allaah and the last day, let him honor his guest." Bukhari and Muslim have it.

Man is a social being and pretty much impossible for him to live in isolation, so in an inherent move to live as a community man surrounds himself with neighbors wittingly or unwittingly. 

We have reiterated times without number that Islam is more than an ideology, it is the cultural civilization of the Islamic world. It is responsible for our mental, spiritual and social disposition.
It is against this daunting responsibility that Allaah revealed the revelation upon the best of creations Muhammad bin Abdullah (pbuh) to serve as a guide for humanity and for him to equally serve as a model worthy of emulation. In discharging his responsibilities as a prophet his words, deeds and silent approvals have form the cardinal point upon which the lives of muslims revolve.

The Prophet (Pbuh) that told us about the rights of Allaah equally told us the rights of others upon us and this brings us to the topic we have at hand.

As Muslims, the legitimacy of our Iman in the above quoted hadith is tied down to certain deeds of which honoring the neighbor is a part of complete Iman.

‎Relating with our neighbors in a noble way with generosity, magnanimity and friendliness whether they are Muslims or Non-Muslims is not a privilege we accord them but a responsibility on our shoulders to be discharged.
In other narration aside the above quoted, the Prophet (Pbuh) warned us against causing harm and discomfort to our neighbors though it is haram to do that to anyone but more severe in the Sight of Allaah if meted out against a neighbor.

To substantiate this claim the hadith on the strength of Ibn Mas'ud (RA) recorded in the two Sahihs (Bukhari and Muslim) that the Prophet (Pbuh) was asked: which is the greatest sin?' He said: "To associate partners with Allaah" he was asked, 'then what?' he said: "to kill your child for the fear lest he eats with you (poverty)" he was asked, 'then what?' he said: "To commit Zina with your neighnor's wife."

Yet in another narration graded as Hasan (sound) in the musnad of Imam Ahmad on the strength of Al-Miqdaad bin Aswad (RA) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (Pbuh) asked his companions:  "what do you say about Zina?" they said: 'it is haram (prohibited) for Allaah and His Messenger (Pbuh) have prohibited it and it will remain haram till the Day of Judgement' the Messenger of Allaah (Pbuh) said: "for a man to commit Zina with the wife of his neighbor is worse than to commit it with 10 women"

Some scholars of Tafseer such as ibn Abbas (RA) said that (the neighbor who is near of kin) means, "the neighbor who is also a relative", while, (The neighbor who is a stranger) means, "Who is not a relative." 

Yet scholars such as Mujahid opined that (the neighbor who is a stranger) means "The companion during travel."‎

Also, from among the scholars of Qura'nic exegesis some said: Allaah's statement (the neighbor who is near of kin) is a Muslim neighbor and (the neighbor who is a stranger) is the kaafir (unbelievers).

In the Musnad of Abubakar al-Bazzar from the hadith on the strength of Jaabir bin Abdullah that there are three types of neighbors: 

1- A neighbor that has only one right and this is the mushirk (polytheist, a kaafir) with no family ties. And this right is the right of neighbor only.

2- A neighbor that has two rights and this is the Muslim neighbor. He has the right of Islam and the right of neighbor.
3- A neighbor that has three rights and this the Muslim neighbor who is also a relative. And for him is the right of Islam and the right of neighbor and the right of relatives.

Scholars from the salaf (pious predecessors)  have debated on what constitutes neighborhood, while some argue that it consists of forty (40) houses, others such as Imam Zuhri opined that forty houses to behind, forty houses in front, forty houses to right and forty houses to the left.

Furthermore, we need to be kind to our neighbors, to shower them with our love and gifts for the Prophet (Pbuh) said in a hadith narrated by Abdullah bin Amr that Jibril kept reminding him of the neighbor's right, until he thought a neighbor would inherit a neighbor.

And finally, the hadith of Aisha (RA) in Bukhari Shareef made us understand that the neighbor closest to us is more deserving of our our love and kindness.

She said: "I have two neighbors, so whom among them should I give my gift." The Prophet (Pbuh) said: "The neighbor whose door is closest to you."

Brothers and sisters in Islam, how many people live in urban centres today that are oblivious of who their neighbors are not to talk of being kind and dutiful to them?

How many people today are guilty of committing Zina with the neighbors wife and daughters?

How many people channel the waste from their houses to their neighbor's land?

How many encroach on their neighbor's land?

How many people celebrate the downfall of their neighbors?

How many people keep malice with their neighbors?

How many people disturb their neighbors with loud sound (music, TV etc) without any recourse to their comfort?

Know that our Iman will be counterfeit if we are guilty of causing discomfort to our neighbors.

May Allaah save us from evil neighbors and make us good neighbors.‎

Friday, 25 September 2015

Notes from Makkah 3: Death no novelty 10 written

In the Name of Allaah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. 
"As for those who believed and did righteous deeds, for them will be the Gardens of Refuge as accommodation for what they used to do." Surah as-Sajda Q32:19

Allaah has commanded us to fear Him as well as to obey Him and not to incline towards evil and evil doers and criminals lest death meets us in a pathetic state because our death is no novelty.‎
Everyday we are reminded by death itself that whatever we want to do and have to do in this world we should and must do it for the right reasons because our death is no novelty.

Death reminds us that we can either be remembered for the good or for the bad we left behind and with Allaah is our records and no amount of good or bad will make us escape death because our death is no novelty.

Many have died while their loved ones anticipated their calls, messages and even their presence but alas wherever the angel of death goes he rules because our death is no novelty.

While death does not recognise our VIP or impoverished status when it comes, the angel of death recognises people of Iman from disbelieve Yet this recognition does not deter him because our death is no novelty.

Whatever agenda we are promoting let it be a good one and for the sake of Allaah and according to the Sunnah so that we don't end up losers because our death is no novelty.

Why Taqwa (fear of Allaah) with sound Aqeedah (correct Islamic creed) matters is that even if someone dies in Las Vegas Allaah will resurrect him among the righteous and if he dies ascribing  partners with Allaah even if it is in Makkah, Allaah won't admit him to paradise. 

Death is always lurking around the corner and hovering above us. We can go at anytime.

May Allaah forgive and admit those that died in the Mina Stampede in to paradise and protect the Ummah against such tragedies in the future.‎

Friday, 18 September 2015

Notes from Makkah 2: The path of hypocrisy

The path of hypocrisy!

In the Name of Allaah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. 

Part of being a productive Muslim is to seek to understand the meanings kept in the Words of Allaah Exalted be He. This should be an insatiable quest for every Muslim because there's no end to knowledge seeking simply because knowledge is a sea with no shores.

Allaah Exalted be He has explained to us in plain terms in various places in the Glorious Qur'an the characteristics of the hypocrites who come to people portraying one thing while hiding their true selves with the aim of deceiving Allaah and the believers.

We are not just to read through the verses but to pause and to think deeply and assess ourselves for a possible presence of such characteristics in us and if found be eliminated leaving behind no traces so as to be among the chosen servants of the Most Merciful.

Allaah says of the hypocrites:

"They say: "We have believed in Allaah and in the Messenger, and we obey," then a party of them turn away thereafter, such are not believers. And when they are called to Allaah and His Messenger, to judge between them, lo! A party of them refuses and turns away.

But if the truth is on their side, they come to him willingly with submission. Is there a disease in their hearts Or do they doubt or fear lest Allaah and His Messenger should wrong them in judgement. Nay, it is they themselves who are the wrongdoers. Q24: 47-50

How much of Allaah's guidance and prophetic teachings do we follow or are we among those that proclaim Iman yet reluctant in responding to the Shari'ah? 

Are we only satisfied with Qur'an and Sunnah when they conform to our personal desires or are we true servants of Allaah at all times just as He is our Lord at all times?

How many of us are guilty of "fatwa shopping" that we dump the fatwa of a shaykh once it forms an obstacle between us and our desires while looking elsewhere until we get a fatwa that will make haram halal for us.

On a scale of 1-10, where do we place ourselves in respect to how much we put our words into practice? We need to evaluate ourselves to know whether we are progressing or retrogressing spiritually.

A lot of people talk about Islam, write about Islam, call to Islam but very few walk the talk themselves, live the life of what they write and exemplify what they call to.

Umar ibn AbdulAzeez once wrote to one of his governors that a lot of people call to Taqwa (piety) but very few people practice piety.‎

Don't be overwhelmed by how much talks you give, or listen to, or the number Islamic messages you disseminate ‎or the number of Islamic associations you belong with, be concerned by how much improvement you have in your Tawheed, Akhlaq (manners, character), sincerity and how close you are with the Sunnah of the Prophet (Pbuh) which signifies a huge departure from Bid'a (innovation) and shirk.

Allaah says of the original believers: "The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allaah and His Messenger, to judge between then, is that they say: "We hear and we obey. "And such are the successful. And whosoever obeys Allaah and His Messenger, fears Allaah, and has Taqwa (piety) of Him, such are the successful. Q24:51-52.

Again, millions of faithfuls have gathered in the ancient city of Makkah proclaiming the Oneness of Allaah‎, we ask Allaah to unite the hearts of Muslims just as they are united in facing the Ka'abah.‎

Sunday, 13 September 2015

Notes from Makkah1: Equality of Mankind

‎‎In the Name of Allaah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

"O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allaah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa. Verily, Allaah is All-Knowing, All-Aware." Q49:13

From Adam and Hawwa, Allaah made nations, tribes and subtribes with each sharing equal honor and some being more equal than others on the account of their obedience to the Orders of Allaah the Exalted and their adherence to the Sunnah of His Messenger and not through family lineage.

I'm writing this in the midst of hundreds of thousands of people from different nations, tribes and subtribes from all regions of the world cutting across all levels of social strata who have wittingly or unwittingly demonstrated their lowly nature in the presence of the Most Exalted Allaah proclaiming His Majesty in the city of Makkah, in the House of Allaah.
Each one of these hundreds of thousands of people has naturally abandoned his/her worldly titles, wealth, status and family lineage because in reality just as Allaah doesn't care about these things, nobody really cares when the location is Makkah.

The atmosphere is spiritual, the occasion is humbling and the location is mind-boggling and this makes me reflect on the celebrated verdicts passed on Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) by a non-Muslims regarding this feat he attained.

Sarojin Naidu who was a poet and a politician had this to say about the Islamic unity and brotherhood 

"It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy; for, in the mosque, when the call for prayer is sounded and worshippers are gathered together, the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the peasant and king kneel side by side and proclaim: 'God Alone is Great'... I have been struck over and over again by this indivisible unity of Islam that makes man instinctively a brother."
Yet, in the words of Professor Hurgronje: "The league of nations founded by the prophet of Islam put the principle of international unity and human brotherhood on such universal foundations as to show candle to other nations." He continues, "the fact is that no nation of the world can show a parallel to what Islam has done towards the realization of the idea of the League of Nations."

Mixed feelings oscillating between happiness and sadness will surely dominate the mind of any Muslim reader nay even non-Muslims alike for the simple reason that these flowery words are coming from non-Muslims depicting the sacred values and ideals of Islam yet the Muslims of today are far from this reality and occassionaly when we meet in Makkah and Madinah we demonstrate what is supposed to be part and parcel of our everyday life and that is humility before the Creator and brotherhood before mankind.

We all were created with equal opportunities for spiritual, material, mental attainments with the ability to exceed our peers but the most celebrated attainment is indeed spiritual attainment.

There's a hadith in Bukhari on the strength of Abu Hurayrah (RA) that aptly position piety as the only legitimate yardstick for measuring honor. He said: "Some people asked the Prophet, 'Who is the most honorable among people' He replied "The most honorable among them with Allaah is the one who has the most Taqwa" They said, 'We did not ask you about this.' He said: "Then the most honorable person is Yusuf, Allaah's Prophet, the son of Allaah's Prophet, the son of Allaah's Prophet, the son of Allaah's Khalil." They said, 'We did not ask you about this.' He said,

"Those among you who were best in Jahiliyyah, are the best among you in Islam, if they attain religious understanding."

It can be deduced from above that Taqwa (fearing Allaah in seclusion and in public) defines honor while honor attached to family lineage still goes to a Prophet and finally religious understanding attracts the honor of Allaah.

My advice to one all is that we all should reorganize our thought-pattern and delete any traces of tribalism, pride, and self acclaimed honor and strive for the real honor which is not kept in wealth, power, position, lineage but on Taqwa.

May Allaah unite the hearts of the Muslims and bring an end to the plights of the Syrians, Yemenis, Nigerians especially the IDPs and all the Muslims across the globe.

Thursday, 10 September 2015

Other side of Zina

In the Name of Allaah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

Allah (Exalted be He) says “And do not even go close to Zina! Truly, it is a gross obscenity and an evil path (to go down).” [al-Quran, 17:32]

Generally, when Islam prohibits a thing it closes all the avenues that lead to it and the case of Zina is not an exception. But the courage to do what Allaah demands from us comes from how much knowledge we have of Allaah.

There is no sin greater than Zina apart from shirk and killing an innocent soul has explicitly stated by Allaah in Qur'an 25:68  "And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right, and do not commit Zina and whoever does this shall receive the punishment "

Mothers are so honored not only because of the pains of labor and the love they show to their children but also because of their patience in giving birth to their children in a wedlock rather than through illegitimate means.
‎With all the Clemency of Allaah yet when it comes to the issue of flogging or stoning an adulterer and adulteress to death, He says let not pity withhold you in their case simply because the evil of Zina is wide spreading.

‎If we don't fear Allaah, Allaah will not hesitate to punish us.

‎Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (RA) said ‎"If a woman knows the (consequences) of Zina, she would not accept this world and all its contents to commit Zina" 
Yet, Imam Shafi'i said "Zina is a debt and those that will pay on your behalf are your daughters." Imam Shafi'i ‎: "

He further said that if you paid to commit zina, when it comes to payback time, people will commit zina with your daughters for free.

How many Zina is taking place in our shores today that it has become the order of the day.‎
And the great student of Ibn Taymiyah, Ibn al-Qayyim in "ad daa wa ad dawa" said:‎
"It is better to be told that your daughter has been assassinated than be told that someone has committed Zina with her."

‎A child that comes out from the womb that once received the sperm of Zina, will lose human passion and affection." Ibn Qayyim

Could this be related to the most rebellion among children towards their parents and siblings with no compassion today? I hope not.
A scholar said a woman that commits Zina will lose her value and charisma in front of her husband even if he does not know about the Zina and same holds true for the men also.

Yet another scholar said: "No one belittles Allaah more than an adulterer because he fears to be seen by the parents of the woman yet he doesn't fear the Gaze of Allaah.

If Zina has become the order of the day, then the nation has legitimized her own destruction. 

Run away from Zina.
It is more comforting to the heart to receive the death of one's mother than receive the news that she has been raped.

Zina is so appalling that no one wants it to be committed with any female relative of his, why then are people being insensitive by committing it with other people's female relatives?

Let's fear Allaah and destroy the path and traces of Zina. 

A man or a woman can't commit Zina without having all their connections with Allaah and His Prophet cut off at that time. A very disturbing consequence. ‎

The Prophet (Pbuh) thus warned us against marrying adulterers and adulteresses. 

‎Oh My sisters, the moment you realized that someone is uncultured...don't even smile with him because he will snatch away your dignity and will taint the history of your children unborn.
‎Abu Hurayrah (RA) at the later part of his life used to ask Allaah to protect him from Zina, and someone said to him: ' but you enjoyed the companionship of the Prophet (Pbuh)" he said "how can I feel secured from zina when Satan is still alive?"
"And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks Allaah's Forgiveness, he will find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." Q4:110

‎May Allaah forgive our hidden and apparent sins and save us and our families from Zina.‎